Facts About Pakistan

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is the 6th most populous country in the world. It has an area of 796,095 sq km. It is a country in South Asia and has 4 provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh). Islamabad is the country’s capital and Karachi is its largest city. Both Urdu and English are its official languages. Urdu is also its national language. The Pakistani rupee (PKR) is its official currency. The citizen of Pakistan is called a Pakistani (singular) or Pakistanis (plural). Its four bordering countries are IndiaAfghanistanIran, and China.


Official name

Islami Jamhooriya-e-Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)

Table last updated

May 04, 2019


14 August 1947 (from British India)

Capital City

Islamabad (33°40′N 73°10′E)

Largest City

Karachi (24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E)

Total area

796,095 sq km


212,742,631 (2017 estimate)


18 years of age; universal; note - there are joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims



Literacy rate



Arif Alvi

Prime Minister

Imran Khan

Official language

English and Urdu

Father of the Nation

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

National Poet

Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

National language


National anthem

"Qaumi Tarana" (National Anthem)

Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds

National symbol

star and crescent, jasmine

National colors

green, white

National holiday

Pakistan Day, 23 March

National Flower


National Tree

Deodar (Cedrus Deodara)

National Bird

Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

National Animal



Afghanistan - 2,670 km, China - 438 km, India - 3,190 km, Iran - 959 km


Pakistani rupee (?) (PKR)


95% Muslims, 5% others.

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 68.4 years


mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north


divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River plain in the center and east, and the Balochistan Plateau in the south and west

Natural resources

arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Major Rivers

The Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej

Major Dams

Mangla Dam, Tarbela Dam, Warsak Dam

Agricultural land


Major crops

Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Birth rate

21.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Death rate

6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Sex ratio

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$5,400 (2017 est.)


textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp


$32.88 billion (2017 est.)
textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs


$53.11 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea



Internet country code


Time Zone


Calling Code


Drives on the



1. Pakistan is the world’s first Islamic country to attain nuclear power.

2. Pakistan has the highest paved international road – The Karakoram Highway (KKH).

3. Pakistan has the largest canal-based irrigation system in the world.

4. Pakistan has the world’s largest ambulance network. Pakistan’s Edhi Foundation, which is also listed in the Guinness Book of World Records, operates the network.

5. Pakistan’s estimated population was 207,774,520 in August 2017, making it the world’s sixth-most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Nigeria.

6. Sialkot, located in Pakistan, is the world’s largest producer of handsewn footballs. Local factories in the region produce 40-60 million footballs a year, which is roughly 50-70% of the world’s total production. The football manufacturing industry now consists of more than 200 factories.

7. The highest batting partnership formed by two players playing in their first Test matches in the sport of Cricket is 249 runs by Khalid Ibadulla (b. 20 December 1935) and Abdul Kadir (b. 1944, d. 2002) for Pakistan against Australia in Karachi, Pakistan, in the match played 24-29 October 1964. Wasim Akram, a former Pakistani fast bowler is the first to take 400 wickets in both Tests and ODIs (second being Muttiah Muralitharan).

8. The name Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ in Persian and Urdu.

9. Just two people have won the Nobel Prize from Pakistan. Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014 and Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979.

11. Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, is its financial hub as well as home to almost 17 million people. It also has a major seaport. Karachi was the first capital city of Pakistan post-independence and remained so until the capital was shifted to Rawalpindi in 1958.

12. Sugarcane juice is the national drink of Pakistan. In Pakistan, it is also known as “roh.”

13. Pakistan levies 5% advance tax on annual expenses made related to education, however, only when the total expense is above Rs 200,000 during a year.

14. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) was founded on 23 October 1946 as Orient Airways. The airline was nationalized on January 10th, 1955. The airline has a world record for flying the fastest between London and Karachi. The airline achieved this feat in 1962 when they completed the flight in 6 hours, 43 minutes, 55 seconds, a record which remains unbroken to this day.

15. K-2 (Chagori) is the highest mountain peak in Pakistan and the second highest in the world.

16. Pakistan also has one of the oldest civilizations in history, Mehrgarh, dating back to 6000 B.C. Mehrgarh is now seen as a precursor to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is one of the earliest sites with evidence of farming and herding in South Asia.

17. Pakistan has a rare species of ‘Blind Dolphin’ found in the water of Indus River. It is the second most endangered freshwater dolphin species in the world, the first being the ‘functionally extinct’ Yangtze River dolphin.

18. Pakistan also made history with the youngest civil judge in the world. Mohammed Ilyas passed the exam when he was 20 years and 9 months old and thus became the youngest civil judge in the world.

19. The ‘Khewra Salt Mine’ in Pakistan is the second largest and oldest salt mine in the world.

20. Pakistan has the only fertile desert in the world – the Tharparkar desert – located in Sindh province.

21. Pakistan has the eleventh-largest armed force in the world. It has 617,000 people in its army. UN peacekeeping missions are supported largely by the Pakistani army.

22. According to a survey, Pakistan has one of the world’s top national anthem tunes. The duration of Pakistan’s National Anthem is 80 seconds.

23. Pakistanis are the fourth-most intelligent people in the world, according to poll results gathered from 125 countries by the Institute of European Business Administration.

24. The world’s seventh-largest collection of scientists and engineers is from Pakistan.

25. The world’s longest glacial system outside the polar regions – the Biafo Glacier – is in Pakistan.

26. The largest earth-filled dam in the world (and fifth largest by structural volume) is the ‘Tarbela Dam’ on the Indus river in Pakistan. The dam was built in 1968 and 1976. The dam is 143.26 meters high and 2,743.2 meters long.

27. Out of the total land area in Pakistan, 25% is under agricultural cultivation. Pakistan irrigates three times more land area than Russia.

28. The once world’s largest man-made forest is in Pakistan – the Changa Manga forest (12,423 acres in area). It is named after two brother dacoits, the Changa Manga forest was originally planted in 1866 by British foresters.

29. Pakistan is also blessed with Jahangir Khan, a former World No. 1 professional squash player. Between 1981 and 1986, he won 555 matches consecutively (the longest winning streak by any athlete in top-level professional sports as recorded by Guinness World Records).

30. Islamabad, Pakistan is ranked the second most beautiful capital in the world.

31. For the passenger trains in Pakistan, the railway uses, 5 ft 6 in wide gauge, the size of a broad track gauge which is also commonly used in India, west of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Argentina, Chile. Elsewhere it is known as “Indian gauge”. It is the widest gauge in regular passenger use anywhere in the world.

32. Pakistan has some of the best-trained air force pilots in the world.

33. The Shah Faisal Mosque in Pakistan can accommodate 100,000 worshipers at a time. It was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993.

The Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan. It is named after Saudi King Faisal, who provided a $120 million grant for the construction of the mosque in 1976. 


34. Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, has a population of 2,006,572 (2017). Islamabad officially became the capital of Pakistan on 14 August 1967, exactly 20 years after the country’s independence.

35. Pakistan is so far the only nation in the world to get established on the basis of ‘Religion’.


Pakistan is a country with a very big and diverse population. There are several ethnic groups in the Pakistani society. Here are the main ones:

  •       North: Wakhi, Shinaki, Dards, Burusho, and Baltis;
    -  South:   Muhajirs  and Makrani;
    –    East:  Kashmiris, Punjabis, Sindhis, and Potwaris;
    –                 West: Pashtuns, Hazaras, and Baloch.

In such a diverse country, honor, pride, and shame are all common values which influence people’s behavior. In order to avoid social ostracism, the Pakistani protect their reputation — both their personal reputation as well as the reputation of family members.